Mr Eric Ling, Committee on Climate Change This paper sets out a scenario for decarbonisation of surface transport between 2012 and 2050 consistent with the objective of meeting the UK’s Climate Change Act target of an 80% reduction in GHG emissions across all sectors of the UK economy, at lowest total cost to society. The specific focus is on (1) the technical performance and economic costs of low-carbon transport technologies, including the likely evolution of the costs of electric vehicle batteries, (2) travel patterns and their implications for market uptake of limited-range electric vehicles, and (2) the impact of decarbonisation of surface transport on UK energy demand (fossil fuels, biofuels, electricity, and hydrogen).
Tags: Committee on Climate Change reports, conference 2012, Decarbonising transport, Electric vehicles, Emission reductions, European Energy in a Challenging World, Low carbon technology, surface transportDecarbonising-surface-transport-in-2050.pdf 847.81 KBLing_E_decarbonising_surface_transport.pdf 1.25 MB
In order to meet the target of 450 ppm CO2-equivalent by 2050, a minimum of 50% energy-related GHG emission reduction needs to be achieved globally. The transport of passengers and goods, mainly dominated by road vehicles, is responsible for 26% of global energy-related GHG emissions (IEA, 2010). A reduction of its emissions by 95% will be necessary to compensate for other sectors where it is harder to reduce emissions, such as aviation and heavy industry (DECC, 2010). One way, is the electri?cation of the transport sector. However, the electri?cation the current transport system relies on a range of vehicle technologies such as plug-in hybrids (PHEVs), battery electric (BEV) and hydrogen fuel cell vehicles (FCEV), which depend on the availability of manufacturing capabilities and refuelling/recharging infrastructures. The challenge is to initiate and drive forward major structural changes to the current road passenger transport system, the related industries, as well as to the society: its needs, expectations and behaviours. The whole transition process towards electric mobility will be a result of interactions between di?erent groups of customers, industries and policy makers, Read more…MAZUR_Christoph_Exploring_policies_for_the_transition_towards_electric_vehicles.pdf 548.1 KB
Dr Ute Collier, Committee on Climate Change Discusses the nature of bioenergy in respect to feedstocks, conversion processes, and the potential end uses (heat and/or power, liquid fuels and gaseous fuels), considering current UK production levels. The review seeks to assess the potential role for bioenergy in meeting the carbon budgets, taking account of lifecycle emissions and other sustainability concerns as well as alternative uses for bioenergy feedstocks. It considers the role for bioenergy across different sectors and concludes that around 10% bioenergy penetration may be required to meet the 2050 target, and that this could be sustainable. Key priorities should be to develop CCS, develop bioenergy options, and invest in a range of other low carbon technologies, such as electric vehicles and heat pumps.
Tags: Biofuels, Buildings, Carbon budgets, CCC, CCS, Climate change, CO2, Committee on Climate Change reports, Electric vehicles, Emission reductions, Heat, Land use, power, Regulation, Technology, transport, UKCCC Bioenergy Review Jan 2012.pdf 1.99 MB
Rufus Ford, SSE Electricity demand scenarios to 2050 from UKERC, DECC, OFGEM, the CCC and others, show a wide range of possible different total demands across buildings and transport. These include differing visions for the level of electrification of domestic and non-domestic heat, as well as transport. Research on Shetland, through the NINES project, shows the potential important role that next generation storage heaters, whole system approaches and energy storage could play. Key to a more electric future, that could support the greater deployment of heat pumps and electric vehicles, will be a smart energy system that can optimise demand response to limit peak loads, whilst reducing network investment costs. A range of barriers to electrification exist including customer inertia, heat pump performance and infrastructure requirements and there remains a mismatch between the vision for an electric future and short term policies, including the need for integrating heat with energy efficiency policy.Is the future electric - A utility perspective 2011.pdf 516.96 KB
Adrian Gault, Department for Transport The context for sustainable transport is set out in respect to UK CO2 emissions and the literature that that has examined climate change and transport, including the Stern Review, the 2005 Eddington Study and the Climate Change Bill. Towards a Sustainable Transport System is the transport department’s response to these reports and policies, and it describes: the role of the transport sector in meeting the challenge of climate change and delivering economic growth; the policy and investment plans through to 2014; and a new approach to strategic transport planning for 2014-19 and beyond. This takes account of Stern’s point on the costs of action or inaction, and considers the different pathways for carbon reduction. Options examined include: carbon pricing; technology and innovation; and removing barriers to change. An overview of transport policies that are helping to reduce emissions is provided, along with details on the sources of evidence for tracking emissions. Several underlying challenges are set out in respect to the links between income and distances travelled, the ‘long tail’ associated with transport infrastructure and Read more…
Tags: Adrian Gault, Biofuels, Carbon pricing, Carbon tax, Climate change, Climate Change Bill, CO2, Department for Transport, Electric vehicles, Emissions, Fossil fuels, GDP, Growth, parker seminars, Stern Review, transportTowards a Sustainable Transport System 2008.pdf 2.22 MB