John Rhys OIESPOLICY-INSTRUMENTS.pdf 789.87 KB
John Rhys OIESPOLICY-INSTRUMENTS.pdf 789.87 KB
Dr Ute Collier, Committee on Climate Change Discusses the nature of bioenergy in respect to feedstocks, conversion processes, and the potential end uses (heat and/or power, liquid fuels and gaseous fuels), considering current UK production levels. The review seeks to assess the potential role for bioenergy in meeting the carbon budgets, taking account of lifecycle emissions and other sustainability concerns as well as alternative uses for bioenergy feedstocks. It considers the role for bioenergy across different sectors and concludes that around 10% bioenergy penetration may be required to meet the 2050 target, and that this could be sustainable. Key priorities should be to develop CCS, develop bioenergy options, and invest in a range of other low carbon technologies, such as electric vehicles and heat pumps.
Tags: Biofuels, Buildings, Carbon budgets, CCC, CCS, Climate change, CO2, Committee on Climate Change reports, Electric vehicles, Emission reductions, Heat, Land use, power, Regulation, Technology, transport, UKCCC Bioenergy Review Jan 2012.pdf 1.99 MB
Neil Golborne, Committee on Climate Change The review has a number of key messages, including a recognition that current UK international shipping emissions are highly uncertain, but are likely to be in the range 12-16 MtCO2. It is suggested that there is scope for significant emissions reduction in shipping, beyond that targeted by the EEDI, but that this will require new policies. By 2050 UK international shipping emissions could account for up to 11% of allowed emissions, as such, international shipping emissions should ideally be included in the 2050 target. To enable this, the CCC propose three options for their inclusion: 1) In the 2050 target and carbon budgets now; 2) In the 2050 target and carbon budgets when progress has been made developing internationally agreed methodologies; and 3) In the 2050 target now, but in carbon budgets at a later date. The CCC is due to make a recommendation on which option should be pursued in spring 2012.Shipping Emissions Report CCC 2011.pdf 1.15 MB
Graham Rice, INEOS Bio The INEOS Bio company and technology portfolio are described, discussing different pathways to bioethanol production (hydrolysis, gasification and fermentation) to produce syngas and ultimately bioethanol; using a range of feedstocks (sugar and starch crops, cellulose material, ligno-cellulose and other biomass). The conversion processes are shown, alongside potential end uses and a life cycle analysis showing climate impacts. Potential benefits of the process include reducing carbon emissions, contributing to energy security, whilst also making use of waste resources and creating skilled jobs and wealth, to support the emerging bio-economy.Advanced Bioenthanol production Biofuels 2011.pdf 1.75 MB
Dr. Fatih Birol, International Energy Agency Provides an overview and insights into the 2010 WEO. It is suggested that recently announced policies can make a difference, but fall well short of what is needed for a secure and sustainable energy future. In respect to oil, growing demand for mobility in emerging economies is driving up use, production is shifting away from crude and oil will come from fewer producers; the view is that the age of cheap oil is over, though policy action could bring lower international prices than would otherwise be the case. Gas is seen as playing a key role in meeting the world’s energy needs and it is asked whether we may be entering a golden age for gas. It is also recognised that the stronger penetration of natural gas could have profound implications for energy markets and the environment. Although renewables are entering the mainstream, long-term support is needed to boost their competitiveness. Detailed information is provided on climate change and emission reductions, with a recognition that a lack of ambition in Copenhagen/Cancun has increased the Read more…
Tags: BRICS, CCS, China, Climate change, CO2, Consumption, Electricity generation, Emissions, Energy systems modelling, EU, Export, Fatih Birol, Fossil fuels, Fuel poverty, GDP, Global, IEA, Import, LNG, Natural gas, OECD, Oil markets, OPEC, Power generation, Pricing, Production capacity, Resources, Supply demand balance, Unconventional gas, Volatility, world energy outlookWorld Energy Outlook A glimpse into the future of energy.pdf 539.08 KB
Jim Watson, Sussex Energy Group Provides an overview of the Cancun climate negotiations and outcomes, highlighting positive outcomes and a number of issues that remain unresolved, linking back to the pledges made at Copenhagen by Annex 1 and developing countries. Discussion on the technology and finance aspects of the climate change talks includes technology transfer and its role within the innovation process and the potential role of Climate Technology Centres. The implications for the UK are set out in respect to the Climate Change Act, the provision of international finance, the impact of the recession and the need for demonstrating progress and competitiveness.Cancun and the implications for UK Climate change policy 2011.pdf 727.74 KB
David Kennedy, Committee on Climate Change Provides a detailed overview of the CCC’s Fourth Carbon Budget, highlighting that the UK’s 2050 target of an 80% emissions reduction remains appropriate and that by 2030 the UK should aim for a 60% reduction. It calls for legislation for the Domestic Action Budget to take place now, including moving to the Intended Budget for the non-traded sector, during the UK’s second and third carbon budgets (via domestic abatement), but keeping options open to go further if a global deal is achieved. Policy implications of adopting the Fourth Budget are set out, including: electricity market reform and a carbon price underpin; support for the development of new technologies and markets; and making a step change to deliver the first three budgets.The Fourth carbon budget CCC 2011 Compatibility Mode.pdf 1.45 MB
David Robinson, Oxford Institute for Energy Studies and The Brattle Group Provides an overview of recent changes to US policy on climate change. This is discussed in respect to the climate change “alliance” that exists between the EU and US. The contents, process and compromises made in trying to pass recent US climate legislation are set out, with a view that the prospects for any climate change legislation are now dim, with even a risk of pull back at a state level, such as within California. The implications for inaction both within the US and globally are discussed. In respect to coal-based power, proposals from the EPA may result in a bipartisan deal, although this will require support from the coal-based states, so a deal with the power sector will be key. If this fails it is highlighted that the US will have no legislation for two plus years and that this will hurt US green tech, trade and UNFCCC negotiations. As such it is suggested that the EU should rethink its alliances and consider closer relations with China.Where next for US policy on CO2 and Climate Issues 2010.pdf 142.65 KB
Professor Shih-Mo Lin, Chung Yuan Christian University, Taiwan Energy and environmental issues have become increasingly important over the past decade. Concerns over the security of fossil fuel supply have accelerated the pace of exploring alternative energies among major energy-consuming countries. However, research and development (R&D) in new and renewable energy technologies inevitably engages in all the stages of life cycle of new product or technology development, meaning that uncertainty involves and tremendous investment that crowds out other expenditures might result in disappointing returns. As such, comprehensive assessment on the potential costs and benefits of a new or renewable energy technology investment project is necessary. This paper refines the new-energy data and updates the input-output data based on the most recent input-output tables for the top-down economic analysis model developed specifically for Taiwan’s energy and environmental policy analysis. The linking of the top-down model to the MARKAL energy-engineering model is also explored to take advantage of the strengths of both kinds of model. Cost and benefit analysis for the development of new and renewable energies as well as specific policy analyses Read more…Measuring the Contribution of New and Renewable Energy - Presentation.pdf 4.38 MBMeasuring the Contribution of New and Renewable Energy - Paper.pdf 169.67 KB
Dr. Fatih Birol, International Energy Agency An overview of the 2010 WEO Reference Scenario to 2030 is provided, discussing: changes in primary energy demand; upstream oil and gas capital expenditures; oil production, issues and prices; and natural gas supply, transportation, prices and market trends. The 450 Scenario is also described in respect to how demand by fuel type needs to change and the abatement of CO2 emissions; along with some key facts relating to the EU, China and the Copenhagen Accord. Some key findings include: the financial crisis has halted the rise in global energy use, but its long-term upward path will resume, based on current policies; oil investment has fallen sharply, posing questions on medium term supply; a sizable glut of natural gas is looming; a 450 path will require massive investments but would bring substantial benefits; natural gas can play a key role as a bridge to a cleaner energy future; and the Copenhagen Accord takes significant steps forward on international climate policy but is not sufficient to limit temperature rise to 2 degrees.
Tags: BRICS, CCS, China, Climate change, CO2, Consumption, Electricity generation, Emissions, Energy systems modelling, EU, Export, Fatih Birol, Fossil fuels, Fuel poverty, GDP, Global, IEA, Import, LNG, Natural gas, OECD, Oil markets, OPEC, Power generation, Pricing, Production capacity, Resources, Supply demand balance, Unconventional gas, Volatility, world energy outlookWorld Energy Outlook Post Copenhagen.pdf 2.79 MB