Philip New, CEO, BP Alternative EnergyBP-Regulation-Risk-and-Platform-Transition-Philip-New.pdf 461.29 KB
Mr Eric Ling, Committee on Climate Change This paper sets out a scenario for decarbonisation of surface transport between 2012 and 2050 consistent with the objective of meeting the UK’s Climate Change Act target of an 80% reduction in GHG emissions across all sectors of the UK economy, at lowest total cost to society. The specific focus is on (1) the technical performance and economic costs of low-carbon transport technologies, including the likely evolution of the costs of electric vehicle batteries, (2) travel patterns and their implications for market uptake of limited-range electric vehicles, and (2) the impact of decarbonisation of surface transport on UK energy demand (fossil fuels, biofuels, electricity, and hydrogen).
Tags: Committee on Climate Change reports, conference 2012, Decarbonising transport, Electric vehicles, Emission reductions, European Energy in a Challenging World, Low carbon technology, surface transportDecarbonising-surface-transport-in-2050.pdf 847.81 KBLing_E_decarbonising_surface_transport.pdf 1.25 MB
James Primrose, BP Biofuels There are a range of factors that impact on the effectiveness of different fuel use in transport, with liquid fuels generally being preferred in respect to their energy density by volume and mass. If done well, biofuels have the potential to significantly reduce GHG emissions compared to gasoline, with savings ranging from around 50% to over 70% for ethanol from wheat, sugar cane and cellulose. The litres of biofuel that can be obtained on a per hectare basis vary between the feedstock used, the area it is grown, and the process used (bioethanol, biodiesel and advance biofuels). Biofuelled vehicles can make significant contributions to decarbonising transport, even compared to electric vehicles, including through fuel blends for conventional, advance, mid hybrid and full hybrid vehicles. Work on Life Cycle Analysis suggests that whilst hybrid and electric vehicles deliver lower GHG emissions, their embedded emissions can be significant, with battery reliability being a key factor. Based on the BP Energy Outlook 2030, the demand for liquid fuels is expected to increase in non-OECD countries and this will be Read more…The Role of Biofuels in Transport 2011.pdf 875.84 KB
Professor Paul Ekins, UCL Bearing in mind that transport is part of the wider energy system, scenarios and models to 2050 can help examine a range of potential developments, which all have implications for the future energy system, including the role of: hybrids; electric vehicles; energy storage; fuel cells; biofuels; infrastructure requirements; and transport behaviours. UK MARKEL runs have considered carbon targets and scenarios, carbon emissions, and sectoral analysis (carbon, demand, transport, fuel, biofuels), suggesting that fuels and technologies are very sensitive to a range of assumptions (carbon, technology costs, discount rates and timescale). Consideration of the role for accelerated technology development (ATD) of hydrogen and fuel cells, suggests a need for more public policy attention, taking account of factors such as which technologies to support and to what extent, the need to consider infrastructure requirements and the impact of behaviour and patterns of mobility. Preliminary results suggest that: transport technology choices are sensitive to assumed patterns of demand and that changes in the transport sector have significant impacts on the overall energy system; there are trade-offs between biofuels and Read more…Transport 2050 the potential role of hydrogen 2011.pdf 1 MB
Ben Taylor, Shell To 2050 there is an expectation of rising energy demand, increasing supply pressure and growing impacts from climate change. Shell’s response to the challenge is based on supplying more natural gas and biofuels, progressing CCS and improving the energy efficiency of their operations. Gas and biofuels are seen as essential components to a low carbon economy. Gas has both short and long-term advantages for the energy mix: coal to gas switching is the quickest and cheapest way to meet near term emission reduction targets; it is the cheapest and most flexible complementary supply to intermittent renewables; and with CCS is part of a long term solution. In respect to the growing demand for mobility, for both passengers and freight, there is no single solution, but vehicle efficiency and lower CO2 liquid fuels, particularly biofuels will play important roles.Pathways to a low carbon economy the role of natural gas and biofuels - 2011.pdf 940.65 KB
Adrian Gault, The CCC The 2050 UK emission reduction target requires more than an 80% reduction in energy related CO2. The 4th carbon budget sets out the changes that will be needed by 2030 across a number of sectors, showing that there are a range of feasible and cost-effective scenarios. To meet the budget will require: action on renewable heat (a major expansion is needed by 2030, using a range of technology options – heat pumps, biogas and biomass); a significant uptake of low carbon vehicles (particularly electric cars); the decarbonisation of the power sector (with emissions intensities falling, whilst demand is likely to increase) and the need for new capacity to cover the growing demand for electric heat/transport and plant retirements. A range of scenarios for decarbonising the power sector are available that include growing roles for renewables and nuclear power, as well as options for managing intermittency. Gas will continue to play an important role, but is expected to decline in use towards 2050 in both the power and heat sectors. Gas without CCS will need to be Read more…The 4th Carbon Budget and beyond - 2011.pdf 1020.94 KB
Abigail Bristow, Loughborough University A range of issues for encouraging a shift towards low carbon transport are discussed. Recent trends show that many indicators are moving in the right direction in terms of passengers, freight and vehicles, but there is a need to reinforce and encourage these positive developments to continue. In part, this will require more effort to encourage behaviour change, which is necessary, but currently underplayed in policy, with a preference tending to be shown towards technology solutions. Possible costs of different measures are shown, based on a MAC curve from the Impact Assessment of the Carbon Reduction Strategy for Transport. Ultimately, it is suggested that an overarching framework is needed, whilst the public tend to support ‘pull’ measures, these tend to be less effective and instead there is a need for ‘push’ measures that provide a consistent framework for change, possibly through building support for framing measures if they are perceived to be both fair and effective. To help facilitate change there should also be support for local innovation, as well as support to help develop niche Read more…How can transport change enough 2009.pdf 458.45 KB
Professor David Banister, Transport Studies Unit, Oxford University The UK transport sector is responsible for over a quarter of UK energy use and GHG emissions, but the 2007 EWP contains no explicit targets for transport. A range of policy measures have been adopted for the sector, but the EWP focus is on voluntary standards for fuel efficiency, biofuels and the EUETS. Approaches to reduce energy consumption in transport include: making fewer trips; encouraging modal shift away from the car; reducing trip lengths; and encouraging greater efficiency in the transport system. Further debate is needed with all stakeholders to address energy use within transport to examine: the barriers to implementation; sector based targets; and making energy central to transport decision making. There is also a need to: raise public awareness and get active involvement in seeking solutions; do something about air transport; and bring behaviour change into the debate.Reducing Energy Use in UK Transport 2007.pdf 478.81 KB
“Meeting the Energy Challenge”, the White Paper on Energy, was published on May 23, 2007 following several years of intense energy policy review and debate. The BIEE one day seminar on September 25th brought together prominent academics in each of the topics of the White Paper, to present their assessment and critique of the paper. A meeting report produced by UKERC was published after the meeting.
Tags: BERR, Buildings, Climate change, Electricity generation, Emission reductions, Energy efficiency, Energy White Paper, Fossil fuels, Fuel poverty, Heat, Infrastructure, Market reform, Nuclear, Regulation, Resources, transport, |IndustryDistributed Energy 2007.pdf 591.07 KB